Historically, such groves were found in some form or other across the world—from ancient Greece and the Middle East to the Americas. Today they are most prominent in places like India, Japan and West Africa.
In India, groves can be found across the country—amidst the grasslands of Meghalaya, hill slopes of the Himalayas, central Indian plains, Rajasthani deserts, coasts of Kerala, and agricultural landscapes of West Bengal and Karnataka. Most groves in India have pre-Vedic origins and are often associated with indigenous communities. They come in all sizes, some covering acres and acres of land while others are just small patches nurtured by a single family. Often, they serve as havens for animals and plants in landscapes subjected to deforestation.
recorded all over India
Different communities have varied conventions used to protect these groves, such as prohibiting visitors from removing anything, even dead leaves and branches. Some allow people to take fruit and seeds fallen on the forest floor, while others permit limited extraction for non-commercial use.
Match the following Indian states to the names they use for ‘sacred grove’.